Breeding the freshwater Angelfish


Hello! Breeding freshwater angelfish can be a fascinating and rewarding experience. To breed them successfully, you’ll need to create the right conditions and provide proper care. Here are some steps to get you started:

  1. Tank setup: Prepare a spacious tank with a capacity of at least 20 gallons. Use a sponge filter or a gentle filtration system to avoid strong water currents that may harm the eggs.
  2. Water parameters: Maintain a temperature between 78-82°F (25-28°C) and a pH level around 6.5-7.0. The water should be soft to moderately hard, with a dGH (general hardness) of 3-8.
  3. Pair selection: Choose a male and female angelfish that are healthy and mature. Look for fish with well-defined triangular bodies and long, flowing fins. It’s best to introduce them to the breeding tank when they are around 9-12 months old. If you cannot sex the angelfish (or not sure) put a group of 6 to 8 in a 55 gallon tank and they will select their own mates.
  4. Conditioning: Prior to breeding, feed the angelfish a varied diet of high-quality flakes, pellets, frozen or live foods. This will help them reach optimal breeding condition.
  5. Spawning site: Provide a flat surface, such as a broad leaf or a slate, for the angelfish to lay their eggs on. You can also use a spawning cone or a vertical surface like a piece of PVC pipe.
  6. Courtship and spawning: The male angelfish will initiate courtship by cleaning the chosen spawning site and displaying vibrant colors. The female will respond by laying eggs, which the male will fertilize. The pair may repeat this process several times, laying eggs in batches.
  7. Egg care: After spawning, the parents will guard and fan the eggs to ensure proper oxygenation. If the parents neglect the eggs, you may need to remove them and artificially hatch them in a separate container.
  8. Hatching and fry care: The eggs will hatch in about 48-60 hours. Once hatched, the fry will attach themselves to the spawning site for a few days until they become free-swimming. Feed them with Baby Brine Shrimp. You will need to buy the eggs and hatch them yourself. Be sure to start your first batch 24 hours before the angelfish are free swimming. Usually they will go free swimming in 7 or 8 days from the time the eggs were laid.

Remember, breeding angelfish requires patience and attention to detail. Good luck with your breeding project! Let me know if there’s anything else I we can help you with.